The exhibition « The Anatomical Lesson. 500 years of the history of medicine » presents a unique ensemble of more than 120 works, both old and contemporary art, illustrating the various attitudes towards our fragile human condition. Curiosity cabinet, installations of contemporary art, old works, abstract art and medical imagery are brought together to form a coherent and surprising reflection on the medical practice. The CHU is the result of a long gestation period initiated in the 1960s. Entrusted to the Liège-based architect Charles Vandenhove, its design provided for works of art to be featured from the outset. Erected at Sart Tilman in the subsequent decade in the heart of 172 hectares acquired by then Rector Marcel Dubuisson, it was inaugurated officially on 13 December 1985. Two years later, the hospital unit acquired legal autonomy with a separate status from that of the University. This legal independence led to the creation of a board of directors with its own decision-making powers. The date enshrined in people’s memory which makes sense, for that matter, is 1 April 1987. To celebrate its 30th anniversary, the Liège CHU has invited itself in the central gallery of the city’s new museum for an exhibition on four main themes: 1) a cabinet of curiosities that elicits thought on the place of medicine in art and on art in the service of medicine; 2) a comparative look at ancient and contemporary works of art on a common theme: medicine; 3) a comparison between abstract art works and photographs taken with a microscope; 4) a showcase of artists present in the CHU.